Digitale Nachhaltigkeit

Digitale Nachhaltigkeit besagt, dass digitale Wissensgüter Ressourcen-schonend hergestellt, frei genutzt, kollaborativ weiterentwickelt und langfristig zugänglich gesichert werden. Wir untersuchen dabei unter anderem, auf welche Weise digitale Wissensgüter wie Daten, Inhalte oder Software konzipiert sein müssen, damit ein grösstmöglicher Nutzen für Gesellschaft und Umwelt erzielt werden kann. Im Mittelpunkt der Forschung steht dabei die Frage, in welcher Art und Weise die Digitalisierung zu einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung beitragen kann sowie in welcher Form digitale Güter gestaltet werden müssen, damit das digitalisierte Wissen langfristig und ohne Einschränkungen für künftige Generationen zugänglich ist. Es besteht hierzu eine mehrjährige Kooperation mit der ETH Zürich (NADEL) im Rahmen eines SNF-Projekts des Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development (r4d).

 Datum Autoren Titel Publiziert Zusammenfassung
2017 Matthias Stuermer, Gabriel Abu-Tayeh, Thomas Myrach Digital sustainability: basic conditions for sustainable digital artifacts and their ecosystems Sustainability Science, March 2017, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 247–262 The modern age has heralded a shift from the industrial society, in which natural resources are crucial input factors for the economy, towards a knowledge society. To date, sustainability literature has treated knowledge—and in particular digital artifacts—mainly as a means to the end of achieving sustainable development. In this conceptual paper, we argue that digital artifacts themselves ought also to be considered as resources, which also need to be sustainable. While over-consumption is a problem facing natural resources, with sustainable digital artifacts, underproduction, and underuse are the biggest challenges. In our view, the sustainability of digital artifacts improves their potential impact on sustainable development. A theoretical foundation for digital artifacts and their ecosystem allows us to present the relevant research on digital information, knowledge management, digital goods, and innovation literature. Based on these insights, we propose ten basic conditions for sustainable digital artifacts and their ecosystem to ensure that they provide the greatest possible benefit for sustainable development. We then apply those characteristics to four exemplary cases: Linux kernel development, Bitcoin cryptocurrency, the Wikipedia project, and the Linking Open Drug Data repositories. The paper concludes with a research agenda identifying topics for sustainability scholars and information systems academics, as well as practitioners. A number of suggestions for future studies on digital sustainability are also put forward.
2015 Matthias Stuermer, Gabriel Abu-Tayeh Digital preservation through digital sustainability 13th International Conference on Digital Preservation (iPRES 2016) in Bern, Switzerland The concept of digital sustainability introduces a holistic approach on how to maximize the benefits of digital resources for our society. The nine basic conditions for digital sustainability also provide a contribution to potential solutions to the challenges of digital preservation. Elaborateness, transparent structures, semantic data, distributed location, an open licensing regime, shared tacit knowledge, participatory culture, good governance, and diversified funding support the long-term availability of digital knowledge. Therefore, in this conceptual paper, we explain the links between digital sustainability and digital preservation in order to increase the impact of both. We conclude by presenting the political agenda of the Swiss parliamentary group for digital sustainability.
2014 Matthias Stürmer Characteristics of Digital Sustainability 8th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance (ICEGOV 2014) in Guimarâes, Portugal The concept of digital sustainability is mentioned in research on digital preservation as well as on openness topics. Both streams of literature point out the necessary discussion how to create, use, and regulate digital resources in order to maximize their value for our society today and in the future. This paper therefore reviews current work on digital sustainability, presents a list of six characteristics how to define digitally sustainable goods, and draws the link to aspects of e-government.